четвъртък, 18 януари 2018 г.

Tax Rates - Bulgarian Taxation 2018

VAT - 20%
VAT for Tourism - 9%
VAT for EU Supplies - 0%
VAT for Export - 0%

Corporate Income Tax - 10%
Divident tax - 5%
distributed to EU/EAA companies - 0%
Withholding Tax - 10%

Corporate taxes upon expenses:
Representative expenses - 10%
Social expenses - 10%
Expenses for non-commercial vehicle - 10%

Personal Income Tax - 10%
Securities (employer) ~ 18.90%
Securities (employee) ~ 13.80%
Maximum Security Basis - EUR1329.36

понеделник, 15 януари 2018 г.

Accountancy Fees Bulgaria

One of the first and most important question for an accountant in Bulgaria is : 'What are the accountancy fees?'

You will get this question answered with : 'It depends, we need some more information, before we can tell you.'

And yes, it actually depends on few basic things; number of personnel, number of invoices and few more which you can find out in this form. After you fill in the form and submit it, we shall give you back our accountancy price.


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Taxation - Bulgaria Income Taxes and Tax Laws 2018

In Bulgaria the income of any individual is a subject to a flat income tax rate of 10% in 2018.
Exemptions are granted to taxpayers with specific types of income.
The standard rate of Bulgarian corporate tax in 2018 is 10%.

Income Tax for an Individual

Individual in Bulgaria is liable for a tax on his income as an employee, as well as on the income as a self-employed person.
In the case of an individual who answers the test of a "permanent resident of Bulgaria", tax will be calculated both on his income earned within the Republic of Bulgaria and overseas.
To be considered a Bulgarian resident for tax purposes, requirements must be met of residency in Bulgaria of at least 183 days in any calendar year, also if he resides less than 183 days per year but has got home in Bulgaria being proven as his main home shall be considered a Bulgarian resident for tax purposes.
A NON-RESIDENT who is employed in Bulgaria pays tax only on his income in Bulgaria.
With very few exceptions every person over age of 18 who work in Bulgaria must contribute to the Bulgarian Pension and Health Fund. 
An employer is obligated to deduct social security contributions as well as 10% income tax payable immediately each month from the salary paid to an employee.
With regards to salaries, the social security rates are:
Employer pays 18.92%-19.62% over the gross salary.
Employee pays 13.78% over the gross salary.

Corporation Tax

In 2018 the standard corporate tax rate in Bulgaria is 10%.
A special tax rate is applicable for companies dealing with shipping as well as companies engaged in games of chance and gambling.
Companies having net revenue of BGN 300,000 and more in the previous year, shall make 3 quarterly advance payments throughout next year.

Deduction of Tax at Source in Bulgaria - Withholding Tax

Tax must be deducted at source from the following payments to NON-RESIDENTS on the basis of the following:
Dividend - The standard deduction is 5%.
Interest - The standard rate of tax deducted at source is 10%.
Royalties - The standard tax rate deducted at source is 10%.

Bulgaria Value Added Tax

Bulgaria VAT is 20%. There is a reduced rate of 9% for the hotel services.
The VAT is applicable to the taxable supplies of goods and services on the territory of the country, to the taxable intra-European Union acquisitions, as well as to the importation of goods into Bulgaria.
Exports from Bulgaria are exempt from VAT.
Incomes from financial services such as insurance and banking services are exempt from VAT.
Any business having a taxable turnover of BGN 50,000 or more for a period of 12 consecutive months shall submit an application for registration under the VAT act.

Bulgaria Real Estate Tax - Local Taxes and Fees

The rate of local taxes on real estate is 0.01%-0.45%.
It is determined according to the location of the municipality.

Bulgaria Transfer Tax

Tax is levied on the transfer amount of real estates and vehicles. 
Tax rates are 0.1%-3%.

Bulgaria Inheritance Tax

Inheritance Tax is levied on the estate of an individual when being inherited by legal or testamentary succession.
The tax rate is 0.4%-0.8% for close relatives, up to 6.6% for non close relatives.
There are exemptions for properties valued under BGN 250,000.

Other useful information

National currency of Bulgaria is the Bulgarian Lev (BGN). It has been tied to the Euro by a currency board since 1997 (1 BGN = 1.95583 Euro)

Bulgarian Coins ( Stotinki )
Bulgarian Banknotes ( Lev )

петък, 12 януари 2018 г.

Employment Contract in Bulgaria - Labor Contract

In Bulgaria the Contract of Employment contains:

      Commencement Date and Term
      Job Title And Description
      Place of work
      Time of Work
      Employee Wage Rate (Salary) 
      Employee Benefits
      Conflict of Interest And/Or Confidentiality Clauses
      Termination of Employment
      Modification of Agreement

The Labour Code permits two types of employment contracts:

Temporary Employment Contract - fixed-term contract. Suitable for seasonal, temporary or short term activities. Also could be applicable for work upon a project or upon a contract with external partner.
There is no minimum period for this type of contract, but it cannot last for more than 3 years.
A fixed-term contract becomes indefinite if the Employee continues working for five days after the date originally set as 'the Termination Date of the Agreement' and where there aren't any objections by the Employer in writing.
The legal notice period for terminating this type of contract is 3 months, or as of the last day set as 'the Termination Date of the Agreement' when less than 3 months left.
No Unemployment Compensation in case of Mutual Agreement in writing for terminating before the originally set Termination Date.
In the event that the Employer will fail to comply with the legal notice, the Employee will receive Unemployment Compensation for the unemployed period, but for no longer than for the period of the legal notice.
If the Employee wishes to terminate the employment and will fail to comply with the legal notice period, Employee will provide the Employer with Compensation for the period of the legal notice.

Permanent Employment Contract - with no end-date. Usually such employment begins with a trial period contract, which cannot be longer than 6 months. Throughout the trial period the Employer can terminate the employment at any time even without legal notice.
After the trial period, the legal notice in writing for a permanent employment contract termination is 30 days.
No Unemployment Compensation in case of written mutual agreement for termination.
In the event of termination due to discontinuance of business, Employer will compensate the Employee for the jobless period, but with no more than 1-month gross salary Unemployment Compensation.
In case of disease and minimum 5 years of general service (labor length), the Employee will get Unemployment Compensation of 2-month gross salary.
If the Employee has become entitled to a pension gets 2-month gross salary Unemployment Compensation.
If the Employee has become entitled to a pension and has been working in Company longer than 10 years gets 6-month gross salary Unemployment Compensation.

Where there is just cause for termination, the Employer may terminate the Employee's employment without notice, as permitted by law.

The Employee agrees to devote full-time efforts with 'Normal Hours of Work' (8 hours in a day, 40 hours weekly), or part-time employment duties as described in the Agreement.

If the Employee is traveling for business he/she must be compensated for travel time and will be paid at his/her normal wage rate.

If the Employee has to work more than 40 hours in a work week, the Employee is entitled to overtime, as well as if the Employee works extra on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.

There are minimum thresholds for the basic gross wage rate (salary).

Except additional payments like bonuses for achievements, the Employee benefits could be for example:
Life assurance for 60 BGN monthly - no income tax, but Social Security Contributions;
Car - income tax over the social expenses for personal needs and Social Security Contributions;
Food vouchers for 60 BGN monthly - no income tax, no Social Security Contributions.

The Employee will be entitled to minimum 20 days paid vacation per year or more, as permitted by law.

петък, 5 януари 2018 г.

Limitation of Cash Payments in Bulgaria

If you own a company in Bulgaria or have got future business plans connected to the Country, you may find this information helpful.

For limiting the so called 'grey sector' in the Bulgarian economy, the Council of Ministers proposed an Act, promulgated and entered into force in February 2011.

The Limitation of Cash Payments Act requires any payments on Bulgarian territory to be made by bank transfer, if they are:
  • of an amount equalling to or exceeding BGN10,000;
  • of an amount below BGN10,000 but part of aggregate contractual amount equalling to or exceeding BGN10,000.
When the above pointed payments on the territory of Bulgaria were determined in foreign currency, the exchange rate quoted by Bulgarian National Bank (BNB) for the day of payment, should be applied.

The limitation has exceptions, which briefly are:
  • cash withdrawals from or cash deposits to own payment accounts;
  • cash withdrawals from or cash deposits to accounts of direct relatives, spouses;
  • cash transactions in foreign currency when performing main scope of such business activity;
  • operations over banknotes and coins, where BNB is involved as a party;
  • labor remuneration payments according to the Labor Code.
For breach of Limitation of Cash Payments Act, physical persons are liable for a penalty of 25% of the made payments. The sanction for legal entities is determined of 50% of the effected payments. In case of repeated breach within 1 year period, the sanction is double.

If a Limited Liability Company has made several meetings during the year in connection with a temporary need of additional funds and each separately recorded decision doesn't exceed the amount of BGN10,000, but overall for the year the total amount exceeds BGN10,000, is it possible the payments to be made in cash, or is it absolutely compulsory by bank transfer?

Since it's a question of independent written decisions, resulting from separate meetings of the General Assembly, would be considered that the restrictions of cash payments should not act here, i.e. that payments, under BGN10,000 each, could be made in cash. Of course, any circumvention of the law, such as when early in the year was clear Ltd needed funds in the amount of all given during the year additional contributions, by the reason there were no other sources to obtain these funds within the same year and appeared serious doubt that decisions had been made deliberately so that each additional contribution to be under the restrictive threshold, would be considered as intentional law circumvention.

четвъртък, 4 януари 2018 г.

Buying Property in Bulgaria - Buying Guide for Varna and Sofia

How high are realtors' and brokers' fees in Bulgaria? What about other property purchase costs?

If you're planning on buying a property with amazing sea view towards the Bay in Varna, or you prefer the capital of Bulgaria Sofia for your business, you may find this information helpful.


Real Estate Agent's Fee is usually 3 % exc.VAT on the property's fair market value. Some Real Estate Agencies may offer you 3 % inc.VAT.

Property Transfer Tax - 2.6 % on the higher between the Property Tax Assessment (Municipality's Estimate of Value) and the Certified Material Interest (the price on the Notary Deed).

Registration Fee - 0.1 % of the Certified Material Interest.

Notary Fee collected on the Certified Material Interest according to the table below:
Up to BGN100 inclusive                BGN30
BGN101 - 1,000                            30 + 1.5 % on the amount over BGN100
BGN1,001 - 10,000                       43.50 + 1.3 % on the amount over BGN1,000
BGN10,001 - 50,000                     160.50 + 0.8 % on the amount over BGN10,000
BGN50,001 - 100,000                   480.50 + 0.5 % on the amount over BGN50,000
BGN100,001 - 500,000                 730.50 + 0.2 % on the amount over BGN100,000
Over BGN500,000                        1,530.50 + 0.1 % on the amount over BGN500,000 
                                                      but not exceeding BGN6,000

VAT - Where an Enterprise registered for VAT is selling, the VAT is 20 % on the net selling price plus all the taxes due (property transfer tax, registration fee, notary fee).
No VAT in case of purchase from Individual. 
Agricultural land is exempt from VAT.


Property tax for Varna is charged at a rate of 2 per thousand,
property tax for Sofia is at a rate of 1.875 per thousand,
as follows:
Property of  Individuals – on the Tax Assessment, according to property type, location, size, construction and wear. Taxable value is determined by the local authorities.
Property of Enterprises – on the higher between the Accounting Book Value and the Tax Assessment (Municipality's Estimate of Value).
Payable with 5% discount before 30th of April every year.

Garbage tax rate for Varna is determined every year by the City Council:
For residential properties – 0.98 per thousand;
For non-residential properties – 3.7 per thousand.
Garbage tax rate for Sofia yearly determined by the City Council:
For residential properties - 1.6 per thousand;
For non-residential properties - 10 per thousand;
For non-residential properties through direct negotiations with Waste Management Companies - 3.6 per thousand.

вторник, 2 януари 2018 г.

Incorporation - Types of Corporations in Bulgaria

In Bulgaria the following are accepted forms of incorporation:


A limited liability company (with the suffix OOD)

At least 2 shareholders or more is required to set up the company. The shareholders may be individuals or companies.
The minimum share capital is BGN2.00, with the minimum nominal value of BGN1.00 a share.
At least 70% of the capital must be paid up before registration.
The owners of the company are liable only for the amount of capital invested.
An annual shareholders' meeting must be convened at least once a year.
A director must be appointed for the company.


A liability company with a single shareholder (with the suffix EOOD)

This is an OOD company owned by one individual, who may be a foreign resident.
The single shareholder may serve also as a director of the company.


A consolidated company (with the suffix AD)

At least 2 shareholder or more is required to set up the company.
The minimum share value is BGN1.
The company must have minimum registered capital of BGN 50,000.00. For banks, the minimum capital requirements are BGN 10 million.
At least 25% of the registered capital must be paid up before registration.
The company is managed by a board of management, or at two levels by 'a supervisory board' and a 'board of management'.


A consolidated company with a single shareholder (with the suffix EAD)

The company is owned and controlled by a single shareholder.

The law also deals with other business entities, like Sole Traders, but in these cases a person who wants to register such must has been already applied for and been granted a permanent residency in Bulgaria.